Local school boards are a uniquely American institution and at the heart of this country’s public education system. A board’s existence is based on the belief that lay control of public education makes schools flexible and responsive to the needs of the local community. #KeepEducationLocal
School board members are elected by voters within the school district. School board elections are part of the general election in even-numbered years.
The Arizona School Boards Association is committed to quality leadership and advocacy for children in public schools. We know the best way to guarantee a quality school in every Arizona community is a well-functioning, locally elected school board. As such, we are dedicated to supporting the efforts of potential and future school board governing members.
To determine whether being a school board member is right for you, you’ll want to understand the duties and responsibilities of this nonpartisan position, the legal requirements for running for and holding office, and the process for running for election. You’ll also want to consider the personal attributes needed to be an effective board member, including understanding the code of ethics by which you must abide once elected.
REQUEST AN ASBA REPRESENTATIVE TO PRESENT
Your organization or community group can learn more about school board service and how to become a board member by requesting an ASBA representative to speak at your event or meeting. Click here to submit your request.
CONTACT INFORMATION FOR COUNTY SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENTS
To begin the process of running for election as a school board member, contact your county superintendent of schools.
|Apache County||P.O. Box 548 |
75 N. 1st West
St. Johns, AZ 85936
Click on School Board Elections tab
|Cochise County||Physical Location:|
100 Clawson Ave., 3rd FL.
Bisbee, AZ 85603
1415 Melody Lane, Building C
Bisbee, AZ 85603
|Coconino County||2384 N. Steves Blvd. |
Flagstaff, AZ 86004
Contact: Elizabeth Sorg firstname.lastname@example.org
|Gila County||1400 E. Ash St. |
Globe, AZ 85501
|Graham County||921 Thatcher Blvd. |
Safford, AZ 85546
|Greenlee County||P.O. Box 1595 |
253 Fifth St.
Clifton, AZ 85533
|La Paz County||1112 Joshua Ave., Ste. 205 |
Parker, AZ 85344
|Maricopa County||4041 N. Central Ave., |
Phoenix, AZ 85012
|Mohave County||P.O. Box 7000|
Kingman, AZ 86402
700 W. Beale St.
Kingman, AZ 86401
|Navajo County||P.O. Box 668|
100 E. Code Talkers Dr.
S. Highway 77
Holbrook, AZ 86025
|Pima County||200 N. Stone Ave. |
Tucson, AZ 85701
|Pinal County||P.O. Box 769|
75 N. Bailey St.
Florence, AZ 85132
|Santa Cruz County||2150 N. Congress Dr. |
Nogales, AZ 85621
|Yavapai County||2970 Centerpointe East Dr. |
Prescott, AZ 86301
|Yuma County||210 S. 1st Ave. |
Yuma, AZ 85364
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School Board Service Webinars
Recording: Thinking of Running for School Board?
PowerPoint: Thinking of Running for School Board? Webinar PDF
Recording: What do I do now that I am on the ballot?
PowerPoint: What do I do now that I am on the ballot? Webinar PDF
School board members are responsible for broad, futuristic thinking, minute analysis and decisive action in all areas that affect students and staff in their schools. Some roles and responsibilities are implicit. Others are specifically mandated (A.R.S. §15-341) or allowed (§15-342) by Arizona law. Everything board members do is focused on providing the best education possible for the children in their community.
Set the Direction
The governing board, with extensive involvement from the staff and community, is responsible for envisioning the future of the public schools in their community. After setting the vision and mission for the district, the governing board works collaboratively to establish strategic goals to move the organization toward the community’s vision for its schools.
Establish the Structure
Board policies and goals establish the structure and create the environment for ensuring that all students are served. The superintendent uses the structure established by the board to manage operations on a day-to-day basis. Although the superintendent may suggest changes to policies, only the board as a whole has the legal authority to adopt policy.
The board provides support to its organization by ensuring that resources are adequate and aligned to meet established goals. Support also is provided by recognizing and encouraging excellence throughout the organization.
As the community’s representative in the local schools, the board is responsible for ensuring that the schools are well run – that resources are used wisely and that high standards for academic performance are set. The board as a whole needs to monitor performance to meet established goals – academic, financial and operational.
Advocate for Your Students
One of the board’s most important roles is to be the ambassador for public education in the community. As individuals, each board member can help communicate the ways in which their local schools are supporting student educational needs, parent and community aspirations, and state and federal standards. Together, the board also can demonstrate that an atmosphere of collaboration and respect is the most conducive environment for providing the best education for children in the community.
Abide by a Code of Ethics
A code of ethics for board members is included in the policies adopted by most school boards for their districts, and it is incumbent on individual board members to follow it.
Specific duties of school boards may relate to employment, purchasing, budget preparation, students and policies. They may include:
- Hiring and evaluating the district superintendent.
- Providing guidance in the development of the budget to ensure funding needed to meet board established goals.
- Approving the budget.
- Monitoring the budget.
- Setting salaries for employees.
- Approving purchases.
- Establishing and approving policies.
- Approving curriculum materials.
- Adopting the school calendar.
- Reviewing regulations for compliance with policy.
- Approving personnel actions based on the superintendent’s recommendation.
- Closing or constructing schools.
- Assessing board effectiveness.
- Monitoring progress toward goals.
Mandatory duties of school boards are defined in A.R.S. §15-341. Discretionary powers are defined in A.R.S. §15-342.)
What School Board Members and Boards DON’T Do
School board members do not:
- Implement policy; school boards make policy and superintendents carry it out.
- Manage the day-to-day operations of the school district; school boards see to it that the district is managed by professionals.
- Evaluate staff, other than the superintendent, nor do they become involved in employment interviews, other than those for superintendent.
Board members must:
- Be elected by the voters in the district or be appointed by the county superintendent of schools.
- Reside within the legal boundaries of the school district and have lived in the district for at least one year immediately preceding the day of election.
- Be a registered voter.
- Board members cannot be, or have a spouse who is, an employee of the district when assuming office or during the term of office.
Board members cannot serve simultaneously on more than one school district governing board.
Finally, a person who has an immediate family member sitting on a school district governing board and who has shared the same household of residence with that family member within four years prior to the election is ineligible to be a candidate for nomination or election to that governing board if the governing board is composed of five members, unless the immediate family member is serving in the last year of a term of office; persons related as immediate family who have the same household of residence within four years prior are also ineligible to be simultaneous candidates for nomination or election to the governing board of the same school district if the governing board is composed of five members.
The position is unpaid, though some expenses may be reimbursed.
School board members have no individual authority over school matters. The authority of a board member includes expressing an opinion and casting a vote as a part of the governing board in a board meeting.
Serving as a member of your local school board is one of the most challenging and rewarding jobs you will ever undertake. It also is an enormous responsibility. As a school board member, the decisions you make will affect children and their parents, the livelihood of school system employees and the economic well-being of your community. Service to a board requires time, energy, a willingness to learn about issues affecting your schools, and a passion for a public education system committed to providing the best and most appropriate education for all children entrusted to its care.
Effective school board members share some common attributes. Before deciding to run for election to your local governing board, consider whether you possess the qualities that will enable you to best serve your community.
- Have a conviction that public education is important.
- Are committed to improving public education for all children in Arizona.
- Possess a sincere desire to serve the community, rather than a desire for personal glory or to achieve a personal goal.
- Have the ability to understand the forces of change in our society and foresee, to some extent, the shape of the future in order to plan wisely.
- Have loyalty to the democratic process.
- Have the courage to make difficult decisions, defend the philosophy and goals of the organization, and withstand criticism from people who hold opposing views.
- Are able to accept the will of the majority and support a decision when it is made by the board.
- Respect the diversity of perspectives and cultural backgrounds on the board and in the community, enabling them to serve with tolerance and without prejudice.
- Have cooperative spirits, recognizing that success in achieving board goals and implementing ideas requires a team approach.
- Can communicate well with others.
- Are willing to invest the significant time and energy required by board service.
- Are available to attend all board meetings and related board work.
- Strive to be knowledgeable about policies and programs.
- Have professional respect for district staff.
- Are respected and involved in their communities.
- Bring a broad base of knowledge and experience to the job, enabling them to vote with intelligence and confidence on complex issues such as finance, curriculum and student-employee-community relationships.
- Know that the reputation of the entire school district is reflected in their behavior and attitude.
- Understand the board’s roles and responsibilities.
RUNNING FOR ELECTION
School board elections are part of the general election in even-numbered years. Special elections to fill unanticipated vacancies occurring between regular elections may be called by the county superintendent of schools. Or a county school superintendent may also choose to appoint an individual to fill such a vacancy. Primary elections do not pertain to the election of school board members.
The names of school board candidates are printed in the non-partisan section of the ballot. Voters in the school district elect their school board members.
Eligibility to Run
Any registered voter in the State of Arizona who also is a resident of the school district in which he or she resides for at least one year immediately preceding the day of election is eligible to run for a position on the local school board.
A person who is employed, or whose spouse is employed, by a district can stand for election as a governing board member. However, if elected, the successful candidate and/or spouse must terminate employment with the district before taking office.
Other Limitations on board service exist:
Board members cannot serve simultaneously on more than one school district governing board.
A person who has an immediate family member sitting on a school district governing board and who has shared the same household of residence with that family member within four years prior to the election is ineligible to be a candidate for nomination or election to that governing board if the governing board is composed of five members, unless the immediate family member is serving in the last year of a term of office.
Two or more individuals related by affinity, consanguinity or law to the third degree are prohibited from serving simultaneously on a five-member school governing board with a minimum count of 250 located within a county of more than 500,000.
Term of Office
Election is for a four-year term, except for those positions filling a vacancy in office or those districts with two-year terms.
The process for running:
- Pick up or request an information packet from your county superintendent of schools.
- File a political committee statement of organization with your county elections department or county superintendent of schools once you have reached a combined total of $1100.00 in contributions and expenses.
- Collect signatures on your nominating petitions. (You can collect signatures without filing a political committee statement of organization)
- File signatures pages with the county superintendent of schools between the identified candidate filing period.
- Run your campaign.
Nominating petitions are required for those running for school board. Eligible persons desiring to run for the school board should:
- Obtain nominating petition forms from the county superintendent of schools;
- Ask the county superintendent how many signatures of qualified electors residing in the school district are required.
- Obtain necessary signatures, being very careful to follow the legal requirements for valid signatures.
- File the nominating petitions with the county superintendent of schools not later than 90 days prior to the election.
Date of Taking Office
Board members take office at the first organizational meeting of the school board, which must be held between the first and 15th day of January following the general election. The oath of office is administered at any time after receiving your certificate of election
Campaign Finance Reports
Candidates who reach a total of $1100.00 must register a statement of organization for a political committee. Once the statement of organization is filed, the candidate must file campaign finance reports until the committee is closed. Consult your county elections office for donation guidelines and finance reporting deadlines. All forms may be obtained from your county elections office or county school superintendent.
Financial Disclosure Statement
The detailed personal financial disclosure statement required for state-wide offices by A.R.S. §38-542 is not required of governing board members.
Occasionally school board members must leave their positions before they have completed their terms. In the case of a mid-term vacancy, the county superintendent of schools may appoint a new member to fill the position through the end of the term or the next election. Check with your county superintendent of schools for details regarding specific appointments.
How often does a school board meet?
It varies. Boards must meet at least once a month during the school year. Many boards regularly meet twice a month year round and call special meetings as needed.
Will I get paid?
No. Members may be reimbursed for travel and subsistence expenses for authorized school purposes.
As a board member, can I be held personally liable for legal claims against the board or the school district?
As a general rule, no. By state law, governing board members cannot be held liable for actions taken in good faith and within the scope of their authority. Boards also may receive legal counsel to advise them, and the liability insurance of most, if not all, organizations covers board members who are acting in their official capacity. A governing board member is not immune from liability, however, if he or she:
- Acts outside the scope of authority;
- Knows (or should have known) that an action violates a person’s constitutional rights;
- Engages in criminal activity;
- Commits an intentional tort, such as assault, or
- Violates the open meeting or conflict of interest laws.
Can my company do business with the school district if I am a board member?
Yes, but a board member cannot vote on matters in which he or she has a conflict of interest, and, in most circumstances, a board member’s company may seek only contracts offered by competitive bidding. The conflict of interest restrictions applicable to governing board members vary if the district’s enrollment is greater or less than 3,000 students.
What happens if I move out of the district while I hold office?
Governing board members must reside in their district to hold office. When notified that a member has moved from the district, the county superintendent can fill the vacancy by appointment or by calling a special election.